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Shorthand for face-to-face teaching. This refers to traditional classrooms where students and tutors are all in the same physical space together for a certain number of contact hours each week. The lines between online, hybrid, and f2f teaching have blurred with the advent of the adaptive, socially distanced classroom. F2f remains a useful shorthand for the concept of physical proximity during learning activities.

Face-to-face learning

Learning and teaching that takes place in person (i.e., in the same location) and in real-time (i.e., at the same time). Also referred to as ‘in-person’ learning.


Advice and commentary given by a tutor on examinations, coursework, or classroom activity. This can be oral or written and helps learners to understand their progress. Feedback can be positive or negative, is used to shape behaviors, and should closely follow an action for maximum result.

Flipped learning

A teaching approach that ‘flips’ the use of the classroom. This is usually accomplished by moving direct instruction online, for example through the use of videos which students study at home, and using classroom time for interactivity, for example group work or discussion.

Forum activity (Moodle)

The Forum activity allows students and teachers to exchange ideas by posting comments as part of a 'thread' or “discussion topic". Files such as images and media may be included in forum posts. The teacher can choose to grade and/or rate forum posts and it is also possible to give students permission to rate each other’s posts.